The frequency spectrum is restricted, so we should go away sure bands free to activate new applied sciences. Right now, the 2 most outdated applied sciences we now have are 2G and 3G. However, 3G can be eradicated first as 2G is utilized by fairly a couple of gadgets with M2M connections that require extra time to adapt to new networks, primarily 5G.
Not many particulars have been given in Spain, as has occurred in different international locations. We have some statements from presidents of operators and a few misplaced phrases in press releases devoted to different issues. For instance, Movistar affirms that it’ll end shutting down 3G networks in 2025, with out giving a begin date or additional particulars of the method. Orange pointed to the shutdown of 2G for the identical date, whereas Vodafone It is already activating 4G in sure 3G base stations at 2,100 MHz to achieve 2025 with 3G turned off.
Telefónica offers all the main points to show off 3G in Germany
Contrary to what occurs right here, Telefonica Deutschland / O2, has devoted a whole article on its press web site to clarify the 3G shutdown course of in that nation. Without going any additional, it has confirmed that on July 1 the shutdown of 3G begins and that by the tip of the yr that protection could have been changed by 4G. The operator will use some 16,000 3G hyperlinks in the two,100 MHz band to supply 4G, which is able to profit all of the operator’s purchasers and purchasers of different operators that use this community.
The shutdown will start in a number of phases. The 1st of July it’ll have an effect on 500 3G places whereas two weeks later will probably be carried out in one other 1,000 places. The Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania areas would be the first to profit. This consists of cities resembling Potsdam, Wolfsburg, Braunschweig, Salzgitter, and Hildesheim.
On September there can be one other main migration of as much as 9,500 base stations protecting Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Essen and Düsseldorf. Finally, the final 4,500 websites can be accomplished in December this yr with cities resembling Berlin, Hamburg and Leipzig, in addition to for all different areas of Germany.