Three bands have been recognized as priorities within the deployment of 5G, though in the long term others will find yourself getting used which might be presently occupied by 2G or 3G. In truth, these applied sciences are anticipated to be switched off earlier than 2030. Returning to the precedence bands, they’ve been recognized 700 MHz, 3.5 GHz and 26 GHz. The first would be the one that can make the protection attain additional and penetrate higher contained in the buildings. The second is the one that can help the big a part of the 5G community visitors and the third is the one that can present blazing speeds, however solely at very brief distances.
In Spain we have already got virtually utterly auctioned the three.5 GHz band, whereas on this first trimester or earlier than summer time, the 700 MHz band might be auctioned. For its half, we nonetheless wouldn’t have a lot information concerning the 26 GHz band. It may be very true that, when operators have the 700 MHz spectrum of their fingers, the deployment of expertise will take a leap appreciable, however it’s also true that there’s something that’s taking too lengthy and that can also be important.
The significance of reordering frequencies
In a latest article by elEconomista, Juan Jose del Molino, director of Large Companies of Orange Spain, identified that the Public Administration should take a step to facilitate the work. He provides for example the reordering of the three.5 GHz band “One of the bands has to be reordered. It is essential that the 3.6 GHz band is ordered as it happened on another occasion ”.
And it’s that, proper now, we all know that Vodafone purchased 90 MHz within the 3.5 GHz band in trade for 198.1 million euros for 20 years as a concession. Movistar purchased 50 MHz within the 5G auction for 107.Four million euros to which it provides one other block that already had 40 MHz. Orange it was made with 60 MHz for 132.15 million euros, to which it additionally provides one other block that already had 40 MHz. Yoigo didn’t enter the auction because it had 80 MHz of spectrum, 40 MHz from the acquisition and integration of Neutra Network Services, SLU, whereas the opposite 40 MHz are from the acquisition of a 40MHz radioelectric public area concession within the band of three.4-3.8GHz (“3.5 GHz”) to Eurona Wireless Telecom, SA (“Eurona”).
The large downside is that solely Vodafone has its whole spectrum “together”. Movistar, Orange and Yoigo have it in two blocks and they can not supply extra velocity as they don’t have extra contiguous frequencies than rival corporations on this market. This is one thing that the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation ought to act on as quickly as doable, though the newest information doesn’t place it earlier than this summer time.
Before that they are going to be auctioned two small blocks of 10 MHz every (3480-3500 and 3580-3600 MHz), assigned to radiolocation methods (or radars) of the Ministry of Defense. Once this happens, work can start on the mandatory rearrangement that doesn’t delay the large deployment any longer.