6nm architecture for PC gaming GPUs

It’s Happening: Intel is hitting the gaming market with a giant bang, lastly bringing the struggle to the identical stage as NVIDIA and AMD. The Intel ARC Alchemist devoted GPU implements the Xe HPG graphics architecture and provides full help for DirectX 12 Ultimate, in addition to different up to date options akin to XeSS (AI supersampling that rivals NVIDIA DLSS and AMD FSR) and way more, so let’s have a look at what Intel has instructed us about it.

Intel Alchemist GPUs, beneath TSMC’s 6nm node

Intel ARC Roadmap Alchemist Battlemage Celestial Druid

According to Intel, they’ve outlined a brand new pc constructing block that serves as the inspiration for the Xe architecture as a part of this transformation. They have additionally taken the chance to replace a number of the names to cease speaking about execution models; they had been getting too massive to be affordable, and generational adjustments made comparisons tough.

Thus, Intel has offered the XE cores, which embody environment friendly arithmetic models, caches, and cargo storage logic. Arithmetic models embody engines for conventional floating level operations, integer vectors together with acceleration, convolution, and matrix operations engines generally present in AI workloads.

So Intel has determined to alter the title of the execution unit to an much more technical nomenclature. Instead of EU, Intel now makes use of the next normal: the bottom unit of the Xe Alchemist GPUs may have 16 vector engines (256-bit) and 16 matrix engines (1024-bit), forming an Xe Core. Each of the Xe Cores may have its personal Sampler, Geometry, Cache, and a shared Pixel Backend; 4 Xe cores type a render phase, and every additionally has its personal unit of ray tracing.

Intel Xe HPG

The first iteration of the Intel Xe HPG GPU may have 8 “components” as you see within the slide above, every with 4 Xe cores. This constitutes a complete vector / matrix rely of 512 (8x4x16), and sure, that’s precisely what now we have often called EU till now. Assuming the bottom architecture is similar (it must be), we’re nonetheless due to this fact speaking about 4096 ALUs (512×8) on Intel Alchemist GPUs.

Additionally, TSMC has confirmed that Intel Xe HPG GPUs shall be manufactured in its 6 nm lithography, which ought to give them an enormous benefit when it comes to vitality effectivity and transistor density. This additionally signifies that it’s fairly possible that when they’re launched available on the market they are going to achieve this with a massive quantity of inventory, since TSMC has no downside getting mass manufacturing out of this node.

Intel Xe XPG Alchemist TSMC 6 nm

In precept, the Intel Xe HPG architecture that we’ll see launched within the “Alchemist” Gaming GPUs will be capable to attain clock speeds as much as 1.5 instances increased than what we noticed with Xe LP, providing on the similar time a efficiency per watt additionally 1, 5 instances increased. This means that we’ll see working speeds within the 2.1 GHz vary contemplating that the devoted Xe LP GPUs had been operating at 1.Four GHz, so we might be speaking a couple of true rival for AMD and NVIDIA out there for gaming graphics playing cards. .

Intel Ponte Vecchio for servers, with 45 TFLOPS of energy

Intel Ponte Vecchio

In addition to speaking about its upcoming and long-awaited GPUs Gaming Alchemist and extra, Intel additionally spoke throughout its Architecture Day 2021 of server GPUs, an setting utterly dominated by NVIDIA at present however which, with the figures that Intel has offered, after all it endangers its hegemony.

Ponte Vecchio has already managed to beat the barrier of 45 TFLOPS single-precision computing efficiency on its present model of A0 silicon; This is an information middle accelerator that’s the first Xe-HPC-based processor to characteristic a multi-tile design, together with Compute, Rambo, HBM and EMIB with a complete of 47 tiles with 100 billion transistors.

Similar to the GPUs we have seen earlier than, the Xe-HPC Xe Core is the constructing block of those GPUs, that includes Eight vector engines and eight matrix engines. Compared to the Xe-HPG, the Ponte Vecchio may have fewer engines however will function with a lot wider buses: 512 bits and 4096 bits respectively (for HPG, these figures are 256 and 1024 bits).

Intel-Ponte-Vecchio

The Xe-HPC Slice is the principle constructing block of those GPUs, combining 16 Xe Cores. What might be attention-grabbing is the truth that the Ponte Vecchio is supplied with ray tracing models, though it’s not a gaming-oriented GPU. Like HPG, every Xe Core is linked to a single Ray Tracing unit, and the needs of those cores have been listed on the official slide as Cross Rays, Triangular Intersection, and Bounding Square Intersection. Being an accelerator for servers means, after all, that they don’t seem to be designed for video games.

Intel joins HBM2e reminiscence

Intel-Ponte-Vecchio

Ponte Vecchio shall be accessible in 1- and 2-stack configurations, that means specs as much as Eight cores, 128 Xe Cores, and 128 ray tracing models. The 2-stack configuration may have a minimum of 8 HBM2e reminiscence controllers.

The Intel Ponte Vecchio GPU has 5 completely different compute nodes, making it probably the most complicated HPC accelerators available on the market, if not essentially the most. This might have some impression on server GPU provisioning, as within the occasion that any of those 5 distributors expertise provisioning points, so will these Intel GPUs.

Incidentally, Intel compares these GPUs to the NVIDIA A100 accelerator, and will get greater than double the FP32 efficiency (45 TFLOPS vs 19.5 TFLOPS in NVIDIA’s answer). These GPUs are anticipated to make their formal debut from 2022, however the precise date is but to be outlined.