80% of the population in just 4 months

Today, in a press launch in which Movistar has commented that the second tv commercial of 2021 will probably be theirs, they’ve commented in passing that the 5G Movistar protection already reaches the 80% of the population of Spain, exceeding the 75% introduced a number of days in the past and with which they have been forward of their very own forecasts at the starting of September. Vodafone, in keeping with the newest figures out there at the starting of the 12 months, already reached 40% of the population.

The DSS, the key to Movistar’s accelerated deployment

The distinction lies, mainly, in the kind of deployment that every operator has chosen. All operators presently providing “actual” 5G NSAs achieve this via the 3.6 GHz band, the just one presently tendered in Spain for this, since the 700 MHz and 26 GHz auctions will happen in 2021. Currently, all use 5G NSA, which nonetheless depends upon the 4G community infrastructure regardless of the incontrovertible fact that hyperlinks between mobiles and antennas are made with native 5G antennas.

In that band, Vodafone has 90 MHz of spectrum, like Movistar. Orange has 100 MHz, and Yoigo 80 MHz. Vodafone’s, nonetheless, is the solely contiguous spectrum, since the others are divided into a number of blocks. This permits Vodafone at present to supply extra pace, however it’s not the solely factor they provide higher.

Currently there two methods to supply 5G. One of them is deploying new antennas, and the different is updating present gear by firmware. Vodafone has presently deployed solely new antennas in Spain, therefore its deployment has been slower. However, Movistar, like Orange and Yoigo, in addition to deploying new gear, are additionally deploying 5G due to software program updates. This may be achieved due to DSS, or Dynamic Spectrum Sharing.

DSS has benefits and drawbacks

Thus, with DSS, operators can software program replace the 3G and 4G antennas to take benefit of the frequencies and use them to supply 5G, the place the antenna intelligently chooses which connection to supply customers who join, balancing the spectrum as needed .

The drawback with DSS is that, since it’s sharing spectrum with 3G and 4G, the most pace that may be reached is decrease, in addition to being restricted by the {hardware} of the outdated antenna in comparison with a local 5G antenna. Currently the frequencies used with DSS are 1,800 and a couple of,100 MHz.

Movistar, Orange and Yoigo are additionally deploying new antennas 5G Like Vodafone, however the pink operator is presently far forward in the deployment of actual 5G at 3.6 GHz, with a presence in extra cities, and overlaying, for instance, 50% of Barcelona with 5G antennas avoiding the use of the DSS.

In quick, all operators are deploying 5G NSAs, however Vodafone is prioritizing deployments of native 5G antennas, whereas the different operators have most well-liked to go for DSS to attain the next 5G protection proportion, thus making it troublesome for customers to differentiate whether or not in their mobiles are receiving “good” 5G or the one which makes use of DSS.