Everything you need to know about HDMI: versions, resolutions and Hz


The High Definition Media Interface has change into the usual for transmitting video to screens of assorted sorts and in varied areas. Since it’s used each on this planet of computing and in client electronics. However, in its 20 years of existence and so as to adapt to the brand new HDMI requirements it has undergone an vital evolution. What is probably the most attention-grabbing model of HDMI?

The transfer from the basic tube televisions to the so-called excessive definition based mostly on screens derived from LCD applied sciences served the creators of multimedia content material to impose a sort of interface for the transmission of knowledge that may forestall the unauthorized copying of the content material. In the case of VHS video, they added anti-copy techniques that made the content material from one tape to one other not copied properly, however with DVD and by means of the composite video cable it was attainable to copy the content material of a film with out issues.

Concerned about the incipient piracy of films on the community by means of variations encoded in codecs equivalent to DivX, they ended up choosing the creation of a brand new video interface that they christened HDMI, for its building they took the DVI commonplace as a reference, with out However, they added two enhancements. The first was an audio provider from the identical cable and the second was HDCP, which was thought to forestall the replica and copying of excessive definition content material.

The beginnings of HDMI: model 1.0 to 1.2

The delivery of model 1.Zero of the HDMI interface occurred in 2003, at the moment excessive definition televisions, 1280 x 720 pixels again then, they had been counted on the fingers of the arms. What’s extra, the primary high-definition consoles equivalent to Xbox 360 and PlayStation Three had been nothing greater than a challenge and codecs equivalent to Blu-Ray appeared within the rumors as information.

The first revisions of HDMI weren’t extensively adopted by the market, in any case, Full HD panels didn’t but exist and different video interfaces gave sufficient bandwidth to give you the option to reproduce at 720p and 60 Hz, therefore why its adoption was a lot later. And what’s it that produced it? Well, the looks of the Blu-Ray that was accompanied by the third technology SONY console that required an HDMI interface to give you the option to transmit information by means of the HDCP.

The evolution from HDMI 1.0 to 1.2 was as follows:

  • Version 1.1 of the HDMI commonplace added DVD Audio help, which made it attainable to transmit the sound to the gamers from the interface and not have to depend on the white and crimson cables of the composite or part video.
  • HDMI 1.2 model extensive audio capability up to Eight channels. Of this there was an improved model that was 1.2a and that added the so-called CEC or Electronic Consumer Control. Which permits you to management the quantity and sure picture choices from the identical management knob.

HDMI 1.3 to 1.4b, the evolution with DSC

HDMI-1.3-cable evolution

In the center of 2006, HDMI had not but been adopted on a big scale within the discipline of client electronics, however the adoption of LCD screens had lastly unified two worlds that had been separated for many years, that of PC screens and computer systems. televisions. From that second till at present, each would share a part of the applied sciences and it turned vital to undertake greater resolutions and frequency charges.

The first main change within the first main evolution of HDMI? An improve in bandwidth that was from 3.96 Gbits per second switch fee at 8.96 Gbits per second. This allowed it to go up to a decision of 2560 x 1440 pixels at a fee of 144 Hz. Both had been inconceivable on televisions on the time, however which had been clearly throughout the wants of PC screens.

The huge information was know-how DSC compression, which is predicated on the HDMI output interface compresses the RGB info for every pixel. Which allowed it to even attain 2160 or 4K resolutions beneath sure situations. The interface had an improved model within the type of 1.4b, which elevated the bandwidth to 10.2 Gbits per second, permitting greater resolutions.

HDMI 2.0, 4K help

High Definition Media Interface 4K

The bounce from Full HD to 4K was as vital with respect to picture high quality as that from PAL or NTSC to HD resolutions, in fact 4 instances extra pixels require 4 instances extra info to transmit. That is why on the finish of 2013 the consortium of corporations that dictate the HDMI requirements and agree on it amongst themselves determined to create model 2.Zero of the usual, which in its preliminary model reached the 18 Gbps and due to this fact it was achieved that in some beforehand established resolutions the usage of DSC compression is not going to be vital, which worsens the picture high quality.

Although its nice novelties not solely had to do with the implementation of upper bandwidth and resolutions, however with components such because the HDR help, by means of model 2.0a, help for 7.1 audio with pattern high quality of 192 OkHz per channel, the help for widescreen screens with facet ratio 21: 9 and the synchronization of video and audio for video broadcasting over the web, designed for platforms equivalent to Netflix and HBO that had been starting to emerge at the moment.

Version 2.Zero additionally supplied the implementation of an improved HDCP, which is essential to taking part in UHD Blu-Ray films, in addition to sure content material transmitted over the web.

HDMI 2.1, the tip of the highway?

HDMI 2.1 cables

The newest HDMI commonplace is 2.1, which permits you to view video at 8K decision, though solely at 30 Hz, in any case its best asset is the rise in its bandwidth that suffered a rise till the 48 Gbps, being an important improve within the evolution of HDMI and permitting it to help a lot of resolutions with out compression DSC by means of the center.

It is definitely an improved model of the HDMI 2.0. Since exterior the bandwidth doesn’t present extra information, however this has been giant sufficient to guarantee its continuity for a few years with out minor improved variations showing, which was one thing that affected the evolution of HDMI 1.X, the place screens and video units had been rapidly outdated.

So in the mean time an improved model isn’t anticipated, for the reason that HDMI 2.1 it fulfills leftovers for a few years onwards. What occurs if we join two units of various technology?

Nothing actually, simply that the video switch will adapt to the bandwidth of the much less quick half. This helps all HDMI units to be ahead appropriate, though for instance your Full HD console is not going to reproduce at 4K as a result of it makes use of an interface with model 2.1 of the usual. This is thanks to the truth that in all variations the form, distribution and performance of the pins has all the time been the identical.

So when shopping for a cable, ensure that it’s licensed to be used within the model of the HDMI interface you need. This signifies that for the newer variations you may have to purchase new cables if those you had had been meant for earlier generations of the interface.

HDMI model supported by every technology

HDMI resolution hz

Finally, we depart you this desk, in order that you can know what resolutions and refresh fee are supported by the totally different generations of the HDMI interface. With this, you can be ready to observe its evolution throughout its 20 years of life in figures and know what resolutions a monitor helps in accordance to the model of this video interface that has been applied each to the graphic card of your PC and to the monitor to which it’s linked. .