What types of motherboards are there to mount a desktop PC?

Base plate type cover

The motherboard is the piece of {hardware} the place the totally different parts of the pc are related, such because the CPU, RAM, storage models, graphics card, and so forth. But there are totally different configurations and dimensions of these and that’s the reason for you to study to establish them we’ll evaluation every sort of motherboard that you could find on a desktop PC.

One of the benefits that the PC has is the extent of customization of its {hardware} and this not solely consists of having the ability to select what sort of processor, GPU, the sort of SSD or arduous drive, but additionally the sort of motherboard and to start with, relying on the sort of PC case that we use, we will likely be restricted to some types of motherboard or others.

Types of PC motherboard

In the PC world, once we have a look at the specs of a motherboard, acronyms reminiscent of ATX, Micro-ATX- Mini-ITX, and so forth. Well, these point out the sort of motherboard that it’s and subsequently the frequent traits that they’ve with their comparable ones. Of course, we are able to discover proprietary codecs or that our laptop makes use of a sort of motherboard that doesn’t respect the usual, particularly if we now have purchased a PC already constructed.

In the case that we construct a PC ourselves, the types of motherboard that we describe on this article are those that you’ll find most frequently, since most towers and totally different PC circumstances are designed for them. So within the occasion that you really want to replace your laptop with out altering the case, you’ll have to ensure that the brand new motherboard is appropriate and subsequently might be mounted.

That stated, let’s go to the totally different variants one after the other and see how they differ.

ATX sort motherboard

ASRock Z690 Taichi

It is probably the most traditional sort of motherboard, its acronym comes from the truth that the PCs with the Intel 286 acquired the nickname of AT, when in 1995 the true increase of the clones or appropriate PCs arrived thanks to the title of Windows 95 motherboards got here to be referred to as ATX, the place X is the dimension of Enhanced or improved in English, since then they’ve develop into the usual par excellence and probably the most used sort of motherboard.

The dimensions of this motherboard format are 305 x 244 mm, though these could range barely. The title ATX can be given to the ability provides that accompany this sort of motherboard. What’s extra, all types of motherboards derived from ATX are designed to work with their sort of PSU, as well as to respecting particulars with the seven bays for enlargement with a differentiation of 20 mm between them.

The ATX commonplace, being probably the most extensively used, is in fixed revision, however not in phrases of its sizes, however to combine adjustments within the type of new enlargement and energy ports, in addition to the discarding of people who have develop into outdated. At the tip of the day it is vital that the totally different items might be positioned in a logical and coherent means, however on the similar time the totally different parts don’t disturb one another.

Micro ATX, the small type issue

Micro ATX Type Motherboard

The first variant of the ATX format was the so-called Micro ATX and as you could have guessed from its title it’s a extra compact model of the sort of motherboard that we mentioned within the earlier part. The dimensions of your motherboards are 244 x 244 mm and this adjustments the place of the enlargement bays of the case with respect to the motherboard.

In such a means that the 4 drills The higher ones normally coincide with these of the ATX motherboard, and subsequently have a house of 20 mm between them, however within the decrease two the house is narrower. This shouldn’t be a drawback, for the reason that overwhelming majority of PC customers don’t get to use the total expandability of an ATX. Especially the low-end desktop computer systems utilized in workplaces and faculties the place they are not normally expanded. Today they are probably the most extensively used sort of motherboard for mounting PC Gaming, primarily due to the truth that they provide the extent of configuration and enlargement that’s wanted.

Mini-ITX, for compact PCs


Regarding the creation of small desktop PCs, we now have the so-called Mini-ITX motherboards, which are not a spinoff of ATX, since this sort was created in 2001 by VIA Technologies. It is a motherboard of 170 x 170 mm and their small measurement normally signifies that they create fewer parts than the types of motherboards that we now have mentioned earlier than, however the integration of parts has made them pretty much as good in that regard as ATX and derivatives over time.

It is its small measurement that causes sure issues when assembling sure parts, particularly cooling programs reminiscent of radiators and warmth sinks, which are designed for ATX and Micro-ATX sort programs. We can even discover graphics playing cards of a extra compact measurement and subsequently narrower in size, which are designed for Mini-ITX bins.

Although we are able to discover towers that assist a Mini-ITX plate, since its 4 holes normally coincide with the 4 positioned on the left and central half utilized by plates in ATX format, its use in a field for ATX or Micro-ATX it is a waste of your house. Therefore, they are really helpful for the creation of HTPC or different compact programs the place house is a luxurious and it’s vital to take advantage of of it and the place solely smaller energy provides might be put in.

E-ATX, for high-end

Z690 Glacial Extreme

The final sort that we are going to talk about goes to the acute, since we now have gone from largest to smallest, however once we discuss in regards to the sort E-ATX we are dealing with motherboards that are not supposed to be utilized in bizarre PCs, since they are used each in workstations and in small servers.

As you could have deduced, its measurement is even bigger than the ATX, and the E in its title stands for Extended and in impact the dimensions of this sort of motherboard is 305 x 330 mm, which permits you to have a better quantity of parts reminiscent of multiple CPU socket inside, extra DIMM modules to have extra reminiscence channels, and so forth.

It shouldn’t be a generally used format and this leads to many PC circumstances having issues when mounting them, so in the event you are considering mounting a workstation or a server at residence it is best to take a good have a look at the specs of the tower you are going to use. to know in the event you are going to have the opportunity to use this sort of motherboard.